Older men and long white beards

Neptune in his seahorse-drawn triumphal chariot, mosaic from the mid-3rd century AD - Sousse Archaeological Museum.Do you believe in God?" is a stupid question. It invites confusion between the name of the thing, the thing itself, and the qualities/attributes of the thing (the sign, the signified and the signifier, if you want to get technical).

For the ancient Greeks, Poseidon (left) was the god of the sea. For the ancient Romans, Neptune (below) was the god of the sea. Generally speaking, Greeks and Romans accepted Neptune and Poseidon to be different names for the same god. The same qualities were attributed to Neptune as to Poseidon (e.g. both were believed to be the god of horses as well as of the sea, and both were believed to wield tridents.

Triumph of Poseidon and Amphitrite showing the couple in procession, detail of a vast mosaic from Cirta, Roman Africa (ca. 315–325 AD, now at the Louvre)If you were to ask a Hindu, ancient or modern, "Do you believe there is a god of the sea who is also the god of horses, wields a trident and is named Neptune or Poseidon?" you would probably be told, "Of course not. Varuna is the god of water and the celestial ocean, and the god of underwater law. He wields a snake in the form of a noose."

If you were to ask a Christian, Jew or Muslim, of any age and from any age, "Do you believe in Neptune, Poseidon or Varuna?" the answer would probably be along these lines: "No. There's no god of the sea. No god of this or that or the other. There is only one god, the god of Everything and every thing."

But if you asked, "do you believe that a god made the seas and oceans and rivers?" the answer might be "yes, the god made all things, wet as well as dry!" And if you asked an Ancient Greek, an ancient Roman or a Hindu the same question you would get a similar answer. Except that the Hindu might say, "It's not important whether it's a god or the god. Why not have both? Why not have many gods in one god. Varuna is a god, yes. But he is also a particular aspect of Brahman, the fundamental ground of Reality. The Russians have nested dolls. We have nested gods!"

To this day some people believe that god is an older man with a long white beard sitting on a cloud. The attributes of that conception of god include the gender, the age, the beard, position (sitting) and location (in the sky, on a cloud). As well, there is a hidden attribute: existence.

Do you believe in God?" is a stupid question. "Do you believe that God [insert attribute/s]?" is a more productive question because it at least enables a discussion on what the attributes of God may or may not be. Another example of the ship of meaning crashing into the rocks of language.

HOME

eBooks by Cosmic Rapture
(for kindle, tablet, smartphone or e-reader.)

NIGHTMERRIES: THE LIGHTER SIDE OF DARKNESS. This so-called "book" will chew you up, spit you out, and leave you twitching and frothing on the carpet. More than 60 dark and feculent fictions (read ‘em and weep) copiously and grotesquely illustrated.

AWAREWOLF & OTHER CRHYMES AGAINST HUMANITY (Vot could be Verse?). We all hate poetry, right? But we might make an exception for this sick and twisted stuff. This devil's banquet of adults-only offal features more than 50 satanic sonnets, vitriolic verses and odious odes.

MANIC MEMES & OTHER MINDSPACE INVADERS. A disturbing repository of quirky quotes, sayings, proverbs, maxims, ponderances, adages and aphorisms. This menagerie holds no fewer than 184 memes from eight meme-species perfectly adapted to their respective environments.

MASTRESS & OTHER TWISTED TAILS. An unholy corpus of oddities, strangelings, bizarritudes and peculiaritisms, including but not limited to barbaric episodes of herring-flinging and kipper-kissing. A cacklingly bizarre read that may induce fatal hysteria. Not Recommended!

FIENDS & FREAKS and serpents, dragons, devils, lobsters, anguished spirits, hungry ghosts, hell-beings, zombies, organ-grinders, anti-gods, gods and other horse-thieves you wouldn't want to meet in a dark cosmos. Immature Content! Adults Maybe.

HAGS TO HAGGIS. An obnoxious folio featuring a puke of whiskey-soaked war-nags, witches, maniacs, manticores and escapegoats. Not to mention (please don't!) debottlenecking and desilofication, illustrated. Take your brain for a walk on the wild side. Leave your guts behind.