You can get a free lunch, you just gotta know where to look (Everywhere and forever, all at once.)
According to philosopher Gottfried Leibniz, “god” is the answer to the question about why anything exists. The question arises from the contradiction between a reality in which things exist, and the idea that non-existence is easier than existence. In contrast to non-existence, which requires nothing, “everything that is possible demands to exist,” as Leibniz puts it.
But the fact that bad things happen to good people and good things happen to bad people is a bad sign, pointing in the other direction, to the basic randomness and meaninglessness of Everything.
This post is about how that apparent contradiction is resolved by the Law of the Conservation of Karma.
In physics, the Law of the Conservation of Energy states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, but can only be changed from one form to another.
Similarly, the Law of the Conservation of Karma states that justice (karma) cannot be created or destroyed, it can only change from one form to another. In other words, everyone gets their just desserts, maybe not at the time or in the form anticipated, but at one stage or another, at one place or another, in one way or another. Everyone gets what’s coming to them, sooner or later, here or there, once or twice, in one lump or many.
In physics, the Second Law of Thermodynamics states that the total entropy (disorder) of any isolated thermodynamic system tends to increase over time. The Universe is an isolated thermodynamic system. So, according to the Second Law the disorder of the Universe tends to increase over time.
But lo and behold: Living things thwart the Second Law by imposing order locally and temporarily at the cost of greater disorder non-locally over the lifetime of the Universe. Being semi-closed systems, living things insulate themselves to an extent from the entropy going on “outside” of them.
When bad things happen to good people or good things to bad people that is a local effect which has to be paid for non-locally so that the overall quantum of justice in a just universe is conserved.
If a good thing happens to a bad person, under the Law of the Conservation of Karma, somewhen else a bad thing happens to cancel out the good thing, and the overall quantum of just desserts is conserved.
If a bad thing happens to a good person, under the Law, somewhen else a good thing happens to cancel out the bad thing, and the overall karma of the Universe is preserved.
There’s another part to all this, concerning emptiness that actually contains stuff, virtual particles, and how things can and do arise out of nothing (ex nihilo nihil fit notwithstanding). But I can’t remember (and/or I'm too lazy to explicate)... something about the relationship between conjugate variables energy and time and Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. Never mind. Some other time.
* In this post (at least), “Universe" means Everything, including every little thing in the multiverse, maxiverse, megaverse, reality, the all, whatever label you can dream up.
Everything includes literally every thing: material and immaterial, past and present and future, real and imaginary, subjective and objective.